ࡱ> bda%` N(bjbjNN gD,,\XXXX$tttP,<Gh88:rrrFFFFFFF$jHhJ\F&&&FXXrroFv+v+v+&XRrrFv+&Fv+v+C"Er, Etl)DFF0GD8.KH*.K0EJ.KEF<x]zv+!#FF +jG&&&&ttXXXXXX Restricted distribution IOC/IPHAB-IX/Inf.7 Agenda item 5, Panel 8 Paris, 15 April 2009 English only INTERGOVERNMENTAL OCEANOGRAPHIC COMMISSION (of UNESCO) Ninth Session of the IOC Intergovernmental Panel on Harmful Algal Blooms UNESCO Headquarters, Paris, 22-24 April 2009 IOC WORKING GROUP ON HARMFUL ALGAL FROM SOUTH AMERICA (FANSA) Summary of activities 2007-2009 and priorities proposed for 2010-2011 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES FANSA regional group first meet in June, 1994 in Montevideo (Uruguay) and up to the date several complementary Workshops have been held: Mar del Plata, Argentina (1995), Punta Arenas, Chile (1997), Rio Grande, Brazil (2000), Montevideo, Uruguay (2002), Guayaquil, Ecuador (2003) and Lima, Peru (2006). The last workshop occurred in Mar del Plata Argentina at the Instituto Nacional de Investigacin y Desarrollo Pesquero (INIDEP), chaired by Dr. Jose Carreto. In this Workshop participated official representatives of FANSA working group countries: Argentina (2), Brazil (1), Chile (2), Ecuador (2), Peru (2) and Uruguay (2). Also attended the workshop, as an IOC observer and representative of the Science and Communication Centre on Harmful Algae in Vigo (Spain). In addition, a high number of Argentinean specialists of INIDEP and of other National Institutions and of the Maritime Provinces of Argentine, participated ACTIVITIES FROM 2007-2009 The following activities from the 2007 2009 were based on the recommendations from the FANSA VII Workshop occurred in Lima Peru in 2006. INTERCALIBRATION AMONG REGIONAL LABORATORIES Collaboration from the IOC Scientific Centre and Communications on Harmful Algal Blooms of Harmful Algae of Vigo (Spain) and coordinated by the Community Reference Laboratory on Marine Biotoxins from Vigo, Spain. Reference laboratories form four countries from the region (Uruguay, Argentina, Chile and Peru) joined an European Union exercise. The PSP intercalibration exercise by mouse bioassay (AOAC 959.08 protocol) was satisfactory and strengthened the operational development in the region as orientated the participating countries to achieve the fulfillment of ISO norm 17.025. REGIONALIZATION OF HAB PROBLEMS AND CAUSATIVE ORGANISMS The oceanographic characteristic of the FANSA region is complex, including two major oceans, climate ranging from polar to equatorial characteristics and several short and meso scale environmental features. In other to have the information as a region, during the VIII Workshop a synthesis of the impact of the occurrence of DSP, ASP, PSP, emergent toxins and causative organisms was previous prepared and presented at the workshop. After discussion, it was recognized that there are several points with great potential for collaboration among participating countries to access the problem on a regional perspective. ADVANCED COURSE IN HAB From 11th to 30th of November 2007 in Argentina occurred the International Advanced Course on Marine harmful Algae with support from IOC/UNESCO, El Consejo Federal Pesquero, La Comisin de Investigaciones Cientficas de la Prov. de Bs. As., La Secretara de Poltica Ambiental de la Prov. de Bs. As., la Subsecretara de Actividades Pesqueras de la Prov. de Bs. As., La Secretara de Pesca de la Prov. de Chubut, y el Proyecto PNUD ARG O2/O18. The course happened sequentially in two instituitions, at the la Plata University in La Plata and the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Pesqueras in Mar del Plata and was coordinated by Dr. Martha Ferrario and Dr. Jos Carreto. The course was lectured by experts from the region, from Spain and Denmark and was attended by about 20 students from several countries. This was the 3rd IOC/UNESCO held at FANSA region. RENEW OF AUTHORITIES Since Dr. Leonardo Guzmn, Chile, had been in office for two consecutive terms (eight years) there was consensus on electing a new chairman for the FANSA Working Group. Dr L. Guzmn was thanked for his long and relevant mission as FANSA Chairman. Appointment of Dr. Luis Proena, Brazil, in this position for the next four-year term was unanimously approved. DESIGNATION OF HOST FOR THE NEXT WORKSHOP It was agreed that the next meeting should be carried out in Chile. For that reason Dr. Leonardo Guzmn was suggested as its organizer. He accepted the commitment. RECOMMENDATIONS FROM XIII FANSA Workshop AND PRIORITIES for 2010-2011 To promote cooperative work among FANSA researchers, optimizing and taking advantage of each countrys resources and capacities. To support, among the countries of the region, the integrated development of studies on these phenomena according to the guidelines and methods of the GEOHAB science plan. To endorse the preparation of a special review publication, to be considered as a reference framework for future studies, with the available information on biology and toxicology of the main toxic algae species. To stimulate the effort to develop studies on potentially toxic species and emergent toxins, in order to minimize the harmful effects of unexpected events. To establish a mechanism to obtain from the Community Reference Laboratory on Marine Biotoxins in Vigo, updated information on trial protocols or analyses, reference material suppliers and any other useful information for our regional laboratories to apply equivalent methodologies. To carry out new exercises on official intercalibration techniques and methods to evaluate marine toxins in shellfish, such as the exercise recently developed with the Community Reference Laboratory for Marine Biotoxins in Vigo. To promote the organization of intercalibration exercises in order to determine marine biotoxins among all the regional laboratories which would want to implement or are applying ISO 17025 accreditation norm. To improve the currently available information on marine toxins introducing HPLC-MS methods to detect lipophilic toxins and incorporate to the monitoring system other potentially harmful taxons, such as Alexandrium ostenfeldii and Prorocentrum reticulatum. To continue with the specific courses on phytoplankton and marine biotoxins organized by the IOC centers, including basic training and updates on emerging issues. To promote the implementation of internships deploying the regional capacities to identify harmful phytoplankton, detect and quantify marine toxins, and design and implement monitoring programs. It is recommended to continue with the organization of courses making use of the regional capacities. It is considered essential to continue with training activities in order to increase certainty on the identification of harmful taxons and on the detection and evaluation of marine toxins in shellfish. Member countries are invited to assess their competence and capacity to develop this type of actions using their regional resources and capacities. It is suggested that FANSA Group would continue editing the Portal de Algas nocivas in the Portal Ocenico until the Algasnocivas.net domain is activated under the auspices of IOC. Once the portal is settled according to the defined terms, the ANCA Group participation will be re-evaluated. To support actions aimed at: 1) increasing public education; 2) incorporating harmful algae blooms and their effects in formal education; and 3) training specific groups responsible for key concepts. To contribute to the development of HAEDAT and MONDAT databases with information provided by the national focal points and keep their constant update. To support the development of the HAIS information system through the contribution and quality control of the information entered in the different databases. To promote the dissemination of the results obtained and edited from the HAB-MAP project in the region among the scientific community. To update the HAB-MAP database and recommend its coordination by experts respectively designated by each member country. FANSA is dependent on the IOC partial financing of its meetings, and the IOC is requested to co-finance the next IOC-FANSA Workshop. All FANSA members will in parallel seek national funding and commitment.     IOC Workshop Report No +++ Pg.  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